Almost one thousand people die every day.
Signs, Symptoms and Prevention Article shared by: Signs, Symptoms and Prevention! During the initial infection a person may experience a brief period of influenza-like illness.
This is typically followed by a prolonged period without symptoms. As the illness progresses it interferes more and more with the immune system, making people much more likely to get infections, including opportunistic infections, and tumors that do not usually affect people with working immune systems.
Genetic research indicates that HIV originated in west-central Africa during the early twentieth century. Since its discovery, AIDS has caused nearly 30 million deaths as of As ofapproximately 34 million people have contracted HIV globally.
AIDS is considered a pandemic —a disease outbreak which is present over a large area and is actively spreading. Through African Monkey To human.
The disease also has significant economic impacts. The disease has also become subject to many controversies involving religion.
There are three main stages of HIV infection: Acute infection, clinical latency and AIDS. Many individuals develop an influenza like illness or a mononucleosis-like illness weeks post exposure while others have no significant symptoms. Some people also develop opportunistic infections at this stage.
Gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea, vomiting or diarrhoea may occur, as may neurological symptoms of peripheral neuropathy or Guillain-Barre syndrome. The duration of the symptoms varies, but is usually one or two weeks. HIV is transmitted by three main routes: There is no risk of acquiring HIV if exposed to feces, nasal secretions, saliva, sputum, sweat, tears, urine, or vomit unless these are contaminated with blood.
There is some evidence to suggest that female protection may provide an equivalent level of protection. By contrast, use of the spermicide nonoxynol-9 may increase the risk of transmission due to its tendency to cause vaginal and rectal irritation.
Whether it protects against male- to-female transmission is disputed and whether it is of benefit in developed countries and among men who have sex with men is undetermined. Some experts fear that a lower perception of vulnerability among circumcised men may result in more sexual risk-taking behavior, thus negating its preventive effects.
Women who have undergone female genital cutting have an increased risk of HIV. Programs encouraging sexual abstinence do not appear to affect subsequent HIV risk. Evidence for a benefit from peer education is equally poor. Comprehensive sexual education provided at school may decrease high risk behavior.
It is not known if treating other sexually transmitted infections is effective in preventing HIV. This primarily involves the use of a combination of antivirals during pregnancy and after birth in the infant but also potentially includes bottle feeding rather than breastfeeding.
If replacement feeding is acceptable, feasible, affordable, sustainable and safe, mothers should avoid breast-feeding their infants, however exclusive breast-feeding is recommended during the first months of life if this is not the case.
If exclusive breast feeding is carried out, the provision of extended antiretroviral prophylaxis to the infant decreases the risk of transmission. Further trials of the RV vaccine are on-going.An Increase in HIV diagnosis Brings Awareness to World AIDS Day. Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is an illness caused by HIV.
AIDS is the stage of infection that occurs when your immune system is badly damaged and you become vulnerable to opportunistic infections. Supporting HIV & AIDS education is one of FACT's most important missions.
This area will shortly include detailed information about prevention of infection, how and where to get confidentially tested in the Greater Lehigh Valley area, and links to information on how to live and cope with HIV. Effects of HIV/AIDS. The effects of HIV/AIDS on families in South Africa is devastating.
The majority of the population that this disease is infecting is the young adults, leaving behind a generation of children who are growing up without the love and care of their parents. Genetic research indicates that HIV originated in West-central Africa during the early twentieth century.
AIDS was first recognized by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in and its cause—HIV infection—was identified in the early part of the decade. Nursing Essays - HIV and AIDS. Print Reference this This is highlighted in the treatment of people that have contracted HIV through sexual behaviour.
Further research is required to support evidence based practice by the medical and nursing profession to reduce the effects of stigma on people with HIV and AIDS since the rate .
Thus, HIV prevention has been dominated by individual-level behavioral interventions that seek to influence knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors, such as promotion of condom use, education about sexual health, and education of injecting drug users about the dangers of sharing equipment. 4 While there has been some success with this approach.